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Clock Tower and Tank



NGR 76986 47063
Site Number: C21
By Bruce Osborne and Cora Weaver (C) 2012
Area 3. North Malvern Springs and Wells
Malvern Hills, England


Location: West Malvern Road, North Malvern.
Description: an underground reservoir, a clock tower and spout

Malvern's greatest problem in the nineteenth century was a lack of available water as millions of gallons of the limpid fluid ran annually to waste. The answer, although expensive, was to build tanks to store water when supply exceeded demand, such as overnight and in wet weather. The stored water could be used to buffer against dwindling supplies when demand exceeded supply. The little Morris tank and spout built in 1835 was insufficient, so in the following year Charles paid just over 300 pounds for a 50,000-gallon tank.[1] It was built by local builder George McCann, and kept 63 workmen in employment for three months. When completed Charles Morris feted his 63 workmen with a dinner at the Foley Arms.[2] An exploratory visit into the tank on 2001 confirmed the dimensions of the tank to be 15.600m long, 3.170m wide, 3.170m from the floor to the vault and 4 m from the floor to the top. A quick calculation shows that at best the tank held 43.5 thousand gallons, so it wasn't quite what Morris had anticipated.

The plaque on the North Malvern Tank reads: 'The inhabitants of North Malvern have placed this stone to record that these tanks were erected at the sole expense of Charles Morris Jn Esq. of Portman Square London in 1835 and 1836 - Ye young and aged poor pray that the blessings of God may be abundantly poured unto him who has here poured abundant blessings on you.'

Access to the public spout was across the grass until 1865, when the North Malvern Road was constructed. The spout was deliberately low down to prevent people putting huge barrels under it and taking away vast quantities at a time. A bucket was about all that could be used because the water was only to be used for domestic purposes, not for brewing or other trades, or filling up traction engines. The water was much too good for that and would have been much prized in metropolitan and industrial areas. It was described as 'bright and pleasant to taste, almost free from organic impurity, and very soft. [3] After Charles Morris' death his sister paid for the upkeep of the tanks but the Local Board announced on the 1 June 1867 that with her approval they would take over the management and maintenance of the tanks. '..the Board, as the local authority, had the right to take the management of all fountains, tanks and wells, for the use of the public, to themselves'. They took over the responsibility in 1867 and that's when the complaints began. The Board received a complaint that the tap had been broken on the tanks and the water had 'been misused' - particularly by brewers. It was suggested that a notice be placed on the tank saying that people not living in the district had no right to the water. Despite these restrictions the tank rarely held enough water so the inhabitants frequently had to walk the half mile to the Cowleigh Spout for their water.[4] Conservation measures were introduced and the Surveyor put up a notice at the Tank prohibiting the use of water except for domestic use.[5] The width of the gates was also reduced to prevent barrel laden carts from driving in to collect large quantities of water.[6] These feeble attempts to prevent wastage were followed by yet another, when it was later decided to lock the gate and the tap at the Morris Tank from 9pm to 6am to stop water being taken away by people who lived outside the area.


The chief reason for the shortage was the inadequate size of the tank; other reasons were the use of water for purposes other than those authorised, and the Commissioners' tendency to neglect the facilities. In 1867 Mr.Wink of North Malvern Hotel complained that the Tank was not in a proper state of order so the local people were suffering a water shortage[7] and in 1870 pounds 30 was spent repairing the Tank conduit so that the water ran into the reservoir and not into the ground.[8] In 1872 the Local Board finally addressed the main reason for the town's water shortage and a one million gallon tank was constructed about 150 ft further up the hill above and behind the Clock Tower. The building works interfered with the flow of water to the Tank, which was reduced to a trickle and taken by the building contractor. The residents had once again to toil down to Cowleigh Spout for their water.[9] To add indignation to injury, the following month the inhabitants could not use the flow that became available at the Tank because it was discoloured and unfit for domestic use. They watched 3,000 - 4,000 gallons a day being wasted. The disruption was caused by the contractors working on the new reservoir and the water was passing through a clay layer before entering the Tank. It was decided to clean out the Tank and install a pipe leading directly from the spring to the Tank.[10] The pipe was duly laid. The work took almost a year.[11] The residents were badly off all round; no-one wanted to lodge in the area any more because of the noise of the stone blasting for the works and the local boys were frequently endangering their lives by playing on the site, particularly on the new stone crusher. Worse was to come. When the new North Malvern Reservoir was completed many local people had meters installed to receive the new town supply, thereby having to pay for what was once free. Those who could not afford this luxury continued to use the free water from the tap in the enclosure under the porch at the Morris Tank.

 
Some people could not take advantage of nature's bounty for other reasons. 'An iron ladle with a strong chain might be attached to the tank at North Malvern, to enable thirsty souls to refresh themselves,' grumbled a visitor seeking health and refreshment in the town, also complaining about the rotting sheep's carcass above the North Malvern Tank.[12] Just a few years later it was a human body which was discovered in the vicinity. The route from the Morris Tank to the reservoir was steep, rocky and dangerous and there was no handrail to prevent walkers from falling over the precipice. In October 1886 a body, badly cut about the face and head, was found at the foot of the rocks, just above the Clock Tower Tank. The unfortunate fellow was William Seabrook, aged 30, from Watford, who until two weeks earlier had been employed as a waiter at the Abbey Hotel. An empty brandy bottle nearby suggests that he died after drowning his sorrows at becoming unemployed.[13] The flow from the North Malvern spouts was entirely dependent upon rainfall; in the disastrous drought of 1887 the supply during May measured 1 gallon every 15 - 30 minutes, and by the second week in June the Clock Tower tank failed completely and did not produce another drop until November.[14] Once again the North Malvern residents - the poorer ones who could not afford mains water - were forced to trek down to the Cowleigh Spout, though the inconvenience was minimised by a certain community spirit. Mrs Bruton, 'a poor widow' in the neighbourhood, had a good pump of excellent water which she gave freely to her neighbours; in Malvern, such well-blessed people were selling their liquid silver at 2 buckets a penny![15] Mr Mander made an analysis [16] of the reservoir water in 1895: "From the public tap a sample was collected and found excellent. Perfectly bright and pleasant to taste, almost free from organic impurity, and very soft."

 



Although the Clock Tower Tank was not quite as important as in the past it still had its uses. In 1883 permission was granted to Rev F.H. Cope to use the Tank yard once a week for drill for the children of the North Malvern National School.[17] How best to care for the vicinity of the Tank was also being considered and it was decided to improve the enclosure surrounding the Tank.[18] In 1886 a new facility was added when Mr F G Staples-Brown of West Malvern was given permission to erect, at his own expense, a dogs' drinking trough at the Clock Tower Tank.[19] By the summer of 1904 the North Malvern Tank was neglected and a suggestion was made to tidy up the area and install a canopied seat to the rear of the tank.

Morris' installation is now redundant and the cathedral like tank immediately behind the clock lies empty. It is entered by a manhole on the level area behind the Clock tower. In the early 21st century Heritage Lottery Funding enabled restoration of the fabric of the buildings, the spout to be restored with new gates across the alcove at the foot of the tower and water to be reinstated at the spout. There was some controversy regarding the gates to the spout alcove. In spite of objections, the Malvern Hills District Council Committee approved a design that was described by one Local District Councillor as reminiscent of Tolkein and Lord of the Rings. Being a grade II listed 19th century building that one objector described as muscular, geometric and industrial, many felt that the wavy lines interspersed with spirals was inappropriate as part of a project to conserve a building of this nature. Overall however the HLF monies gave the structure a welcomed restoration and enhancement.[20]

 

The Tank Clocks - In 1843 a clock tower was added by Morris, the mechanism striking the hours for the benefit of the local inhabitants. The clock was mounted in the space now occupied by the circular tablet which bears an inscription dated 1901. The clock clearly gave trouble as the local paper records in 1869: 'The Tank Clock. The inhabitants of North Malvern complain that the clock scarcely ever indicates anything approaching correct time by day or night; and that it is sometimes stopped for the greater part of a week. The philanthropic gentleman by whom it was erected, intended that it should be of service to the people, and so it might be; but whether it has got out of repair, or been neglected by the party to whose charge it has been committed, the instrument has been for sometime worse than useless, by greatly misleading the neighbourhood.'[21] The Local Board anticipated a 25 pounds bill for repairs but in July Mr Ashfield of North Malvern informed the Board that a man he knew had offered to regulate the Tank Clock for 25 shillings - one twentieth of the anticipated cost! Adhering to Red Tape the offer was turned down because the gentleman had not made a proper tender for the work.[22] The work must have been completed as there were no more complaints!

In March 1901 the dilapidated state of the clock was brought to the attention of the Urban District Council. It was decided to replace it with a new one and the owner, Mr C W Dyson Perrins, gave his consent for it to be gas illuminated. (The fittings were still in situ although not working in the 1990s.) John Smith & Sons of Derby supplied a 4-dial, hour-striking clock for 88 pounds 14s which by May was installed and working smoothly. A further 90 pounds was spent on installation and the new, much enlarged terracotta tower.[23] Although the inscription on this extension reads, 'This clock was erected in the first year of the reign of his most Gracious Majesty King Edward VII by the Urban Council, H E Dixey Chairman 1901' it was originally intended as a functional local requirement rather than a commemorative artifact. The present clock is a flatbed clock powered by weights and incorporates a chiming mechanism. The light was extinguished during the Second World War and in July 1946 was relit by gas, although electricity was being installed increasingly in new buildings.[24]

The clock was maintained by the local council and kept good time until it was recently restored with HLF monies to its supposed 1869 condition. In July 2006 the local newspaper reported that 'the restoration of North Malvern Clock Tower is complete, as it now has four time-telling faces.' The Tank and Clock Tower at North Malvern is a grade II listed building.

 
Illustrations:
 
1.The Clock Tower after the final addition of the extended tower and four faced clock. The water source is through an entrance below the rectangular plaque.
2. The late John Ford (in foreground) explores the cathedral like tank below the clock tower with Cora Weaver and Peter Cowling. John was the instigator of the Heritage Lottery Fund bid which transformed many of the springs and wells sites; photographed by Bruce Osborne who prepared the original site restoration plan for the HLF submission.
3. The two Morris tanks as originally constructed.
4. The Clock Tower after initial construction on top of the tank.
5. Clock Tower and quarry early 20th century.
6. The Clock Tower being restored as part of the Heritage Lottery Fund project 2006.
7. The basin and spout chamber decorated in 2012 for the Well Decorating weekend.

Footnotes:
[1] A Visitor's Guide to Malvern, c.1856-61, published by H. Lamb, p32-33.
[2] Burghope, W., A Visitors' Guide to Malvern, Simpkin, Marshall & Co. London (n.d c.1873), p65; Smith B. A History of Malvern, 1964 Leics. Univ. Press. p.249.
[3] Malvern Guardian, January 1895, p.15.
[4] Malvern Advertiser, 5 October 1867.
[5] Malvern Advertiser, 18 September 1869.
[6] Malvern Advertiser, 30 October 1869.
[7] Malvern Advertiser, 4 May 1867.
[8] Malvern Advertiser, 9 April 1870.
[9] Malvern Advertiser, 11 Oct.1873.
[10] Malvern Advertiser, 22 Nov.1873.
[11] Malvern Advertiser, 26 Sept 1874.
[12] Malvern Advertiser, 21 June 1879.
[13] Malvern Advertiser, 30 Oct 1886.
[14] Malvern Advertiser, 26 Nov 1887.
[15] Malvern Advertiser, 26 Nov 1887.
[16] Malvern Guardian, January 1895, p.15.
[17]Malvern Advertiser, 9 June 1883.
[18] Malvern Advertiser, 1 September 1883.
[19] Malvern Advertiser, 3 July 1886.
[20] Friends of Malvern Springs and Wells, April 2007, Newsletter 17.
[21] Malvern Advertiser, 2 January 1869.
[22] Malvern Advertiser, 10 July 1869.
[23] Malvern Advertiser, 9 March/6 April/3 August/5 October 1901.
[24] Malvern Gazette, 6 July 1946.

 
The map alongside is a small section of our more comprehensive map of the area. For the complete map together with a description and history of this site see "Celebrated Springs of the Malvern Hills" (2012).
 
 
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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

 

Celebrated Springs of 
THE MALVERN HILLS
  

 

A definitive work that is the culmination of 20 years researching the springs and wells of the Malvern Hills, published by Phillimore. This is the ideal explorers guide enabling the reader to discover the location and often the astounding and long forgotten history of over 130 celebrated springs and wells sites around the Malvern Hills. The book is hard back with dust cover, large quarto size with lavish illustrations and extended text. Celebrated Springs contains about 200 illustrations and well researched text over a similar number of pages, together with seven area maps to guide the explorer to the locations around the Malvern Hills. It also includes details on the long history of bottling water in the Malvern Hills.


Written by Bruce Osborne and Cora Weaver, this book is available on-line for £15.00 (delivered UK) - click Malvern Bookshop on the green panel top left. Alternatively send a cheque payable to Cora Weaver with your name and address to 4 Hall Green, Malvern, Worcs. WR14 3QX.





1) TOPOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:
Malvern Hills - arguably Britain's original National Park
2) LANDSCAPE:
Rolling Countryside
3) INFORMATION CATEGORY:
A Spring, Spout, Fountain or Holy Well Site
4) MALVERN SPRING OR WELL SITE DETAILS:
Site with Malvern Water
5 SPLASHES - Prime 'Must See' Site
5) GENERAL VISITOR INFORMATION:
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